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Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence Directive (CSDDD) Now Endorsed by EU Council

CSDDD Endorsed by EU Council

Navigating Corporate Sustainability: Understanding the Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence Act

The European Union Commission approved a Directive on Corporate Sustainability due diligence in December 2023, to promote responsible corporate behavior by integrating human rights and environmental considerations into operations and governance. It ensures corporations address negative impacts within and outside Europe, fostering sustainable practices throughout their value chains.

Inclusions and Exclusions: Understanding the Scope of the New EU Rules on Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence Directive (CSDDD)

The new EU requirements on corporate sustainability due diligence are largely aimed at large EU limited liability enterprises. These are divided into two groups:

  • Group 1 includes roughly 9,400 enterprises with 500 or more workers and a net turnover of more than EUR 150 million worldwide. These entities are subject to the full extent of the regulations.
  • Group 2 includes around 3,400 enterprises that operate in high-impact industries such as textiles, agriculture, and mineral extraction. Companies in this category must have at least 250 workers and a net global turnover of more than EUR 40 million. These enterprises will experience the delayed implementation of the standards, beginning two years after Group 1.


Furthermore, the laws apply to non-EU enterprises, with approximately 2,600 falling into Group 1 and 1,400 going into Group 2. These non-EU enterprises operate in the EU market and meet the turnover and employee thresholds established by their respective organizations.

Understanding the Scope of the New EU Rules on Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence Directive

The third-country enterprises operating in the EU must stick to turnover thresholds that are equivalent to those of Groups 1 and 2, assuming their revenue comes from operations within the EU.

Microbusinesses and SMEs are specifically omitted from the proposed regulations. However, given the potential for spillover effects, supporting actions are proposed to benefit SMEs indirectly.

Corporate and Directorial Responsibilities Under the Directive: Obligations and Expectations

This directive encompasses various facets, including human rights, environmental impacts, and climate change mitigation, aligning with the goals of the Paris Agreement.

Key components of this directive include:

  • Corporate Due Diligence Duty: Companies must identify, address, prevent, mitigate, and account for negative human rights and environmental impacts in their own operations, subsidiaries, and value chains.
  • Climate Change Mitigation: Certain significant corporations must create plans to guarantee that their business objectives align with the Paris Agreement’s goal of reducing global warming to 1.5°C. This entails incorporating climate change mitigation measures into their corporate strategies.
  • Director Duties: Directors of EU enterprises subject to the directive have certain responsibilities. They are responsible for developing and monitoring the implementation of due diligence processes within their organizations, as well as incorporating these processes into corporate strategy.
  • Consideration of Human Rights and Environmental Impacts: Directors must consider human rights, climate change, and environmental effects when making choices in the best interests of the company. This emphasizes the value of sustainability and good business governance.


Overall, the regulation intends to promote sustainability, reduce climate change, and ensure that EU-based enterprises prioritize human rights and environmental protection in their operations and decision-making processes.


Economic Implications: Financial Responsibilities Imposed on Businesses under Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence

Financial Responsibilities Imposed on Businesses under Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence (CSDDD)

Businesses subject to corporate sustainability due diligence rules are going to incur several expenditures, including:

  • Establishment and operational costs: Companies must set aside funds to establish and maintain due diligence procedures. This includes developing guidelines, recruiting specialized personnel, and deploying monitoring mechanisms to assure compliance.
  • Transition Costs: Meeting due diligence requirements may necessitate modifications to a company’s operations and value chains. Businesses will need to invest in changes to their processes, products, and supply chains to meet sustainability standards. This could include procuring materials from recognized vendors, applying sustainable manufacturing procedures, or strengthening supply chain transparency.


Enforcement Mechanisms for Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence Regulations

The following sections will delve into the mechanisms through which corporate sustainability due diligence regulations are upheld. This includes the establishment of administrative oversight structures, provisions for civil liability, and the enforcement of directors’ obligations within existing legal frameworks.

  • Administrative Supervision: Member States will designate authorities to oversee the implementation of corporate sustainability due diligence rules. These agencies will have the authority to issue sanctions, such as fines and compliance orders, to guarantee effective enforcement. At the European level, the Commission will set up a European Network of Supervisory Authorities to facilitate cooperation among national authorities and ensure a consistent approach to implementation.
  • Civil Liability: Member States must compensate victims for damages resulting from failing to comply with the new legislation. This component emphasizes the responsibility of corporations for any harm caused by their failure to meet corporate sustainability due diligence responsibilities.
  • Director Duties: Directors’ responsibility for corporate sustainability due diligence will be enforced through applicable laws in Member States. The regulation does not include an extra enforcement regime aimed primarily at directors who failed to meet their commitments under the directive. Directors will be held responsible under the current legislative frameworks that govern company governance and ethical responsibility.


These means of enforcement work together to ensure the successful implementation and adherence of corporate sustainability due diligence rules, promoting responsible business behavior along with responsibility for environmental and social repercussions.

Urgency for Sustainable Corporate Behavior and Governance in the EU

Stakeholders, including civil society, EU citizens, and businesses, advocate for mandatory due diligence legislation. 70% of businesses surveyed support this, indicating a clear need for EU participation in corporate sustainability due diligence. Despite recognition of corporate responsibility, challenges persist due to complex supply chains and limited access to credible supplier information.

Also, the lack of consistency in national rules governing corporate sustainability due diligence impedes the implementation of best practices. While several Member States have introduced stand-alone measures, these efforts fall short of fully realizing enterprises’ ability to operate sustainably.

Progress on EU CSDDD

The reduced application of the Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence Directive (CSDDD) for financial services firms presents both immediate relief and potential future challenges.

Here’s an analysis of the situation:

  • Immediate Relief: Financial firms are spared from full CSDDD requirements for now, reducing compliance pressures.
  • Temporary Reprieve: Downstream activities may be included in the directive in the future, signaling potential increased regulatory scrutiny.
  • Future Challenges: Firms must prepare for additional sustainability due diligence requirements within two years, requiring adaptation and preparedness.
  • Adaptation: Use this period to strengthen due diligence processes and enhance sustainability practices within supply chains.
  • Opportunities: Financial firms can demonstrate leadership in sustainable finance, attracting environmentally conscious investors and promoting long-term growth.


Why Credibl ESG Leads the Way in CSDDD Preparedness?

The draft CSDDD rules await final approval by the European Parliament and Council, likely not until 2026. Meanwhile, all firms can prepare for due diligence compliance. Assessing operations, supply chains, and climate plans is prudent. Credibl ESG stands out as an optimal choice for companies pursuing comprehensive Due Diligence due to its robust framework and expertise in evaluating environmental and social factors.

By leveraging Credibl ESG services, companies can effectively assess risks and opportunities associated with potential targets. Through meticulous analysis, Credibl ESG can help companies navigate complex ESG landscapes, providing valuable insights that inform strategic decision-making and facilitate responsible investment practices.

Contact Credibl ESG Now and navigate the EU’s CSDDD with Confidence!

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